Job Prospects For Physicists

Common Career Paths

Physicists find employment in an astounding variety of settings after earning their degrees--including high schools, government funded labs, on wall street, in medical physics facilities, and high tech industries, just to name a few!

Explore the career track profiles below and learn about the educational background, salary, future outlook, and daily activities that are typical for some of the common career tracks for physicists.

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Consultant in Industry

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Business and technology consultants work with various clients, combining data and analytics skills with business knowledge to find solutions.

Data Science in Industry

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Data Science is a growing field in which many physicists find jobs. Typically, a data scientist works on designing and developing data models and related tools, often working with a team to complete projects.

Faculty at Bachelors/Liberal Arts Institutions


Faculty positions at Bachelors/Liberal Arts Institutions carry a strong emphasis on teaching and providing research experiences for students.

Faculty at Doctoral/Research Institutions


Faculty at Research/Doctoral institutions juggle many different responsibilities, including teaching, service, and managing research projects.

Physicist in a Government Funded Laboratory


Physicists in government funded laboratories come from a variety of experimental backgrounds and degree paths, and spend their time building, testing, and taking measurements on state of the art equipment.

Postdoctoral Research in an Academic Institution


A single postdoctoral appointment in an academic institution will last two years, and will provide an opportunity for PhD graduates to build final skills and techniques necessary for success as an academic physicist.

Research and Development in the Private Sector

Interior of computer parts

Physicists in the private sector spend time working on projects in a team where they are responsible for achieving specific goals of a project. For physicists working in R&D, this involves doing a significant amount of physics research.

Sales and Marketing

Sales and Marketing

Physicists working in sales and marketing bring their considerable technical knowledge into play when describing products or processes to potential customers. This career is surprisingly well suited to individuals who enjoy explaining physics concepts, e.g. people who may also enjoy teaching.

Careers for Physics Bachelors

Believe it or not, nearly 50% of physics bachelors go directly into the workforce after graduation!  Browse through the profiles below to learn more about these exciting career paths.

High School Physics Teacher

High School Physics Teacher

As many in this field will tell you, teaching High School Physics is one of the most rewarding uses of your degree out there. Few careers will allow you to have as much of an impact on young minds as that of a high school physics teacher.

Physics BS Jobs in Government Funded Laboratory

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Physics Bachelors working in national labs have excellent opportunities to work with cutting edge technology and support exciting projects.

Physics BS Jobs in the Private Sector

BS in private sector

Physics Bachelors working in the private sector have excellent earning potential, often working the same computer science and engineering jobs as graduates in those fields.